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Article On HIV Sample


HIV is a short form of human immune deficiency virus. It damages or impairs the immune system. To be more specific, it damages the type of white blood cell referred to as the T lymphocyte. This T cells have the purpose to fight all types of germs that cause diseases. The people who have been tested positive on HIV are found to have the signs of the virus in their blood (Stratton, 2012).

Reasons for HIV platelet representation

HIV can be transmitted from with one individual then onto the next through blood-to-blood and sexual contact. HIV is a retrovirus that taints the key organs and cells of the human insusceptible framework (Stratton, 2012). The infection advances without antiretroviral treatment (ART) – a medication treatment that moderates or keeps the development of new HIV infections.

How is HIV transmitted?

Sexual transmission forms the highest form which the virus is transmitted. It happens when there is a contact with contaminated sexual liquids. This mostly occurs when having sex which is unprotected to somebody contaminated with HIV. Perinatal transmission where a mother can pass the disease on to her youngster amid labor, pregnancy, and furthermore through breastfeeding (Stratton, 2012). Blood transmission – the danger of conveying HIV through blood transfusion is these days to a great degree low in created nations, on account of careful screening and precautionary measures. In any case, among infusion or IV sedate clients, imparting and reusing syringes tainted to HIV-contaminated blood is to a great degree perilous.

HIV symptoms

Generally, the indications of HIV are the consequence of contaminations brought about by microscopic organisms, infections, growths, as well as parasites. These stipulations don’t regularly create in people with solid invulnerable frameworks, which secure the body against contamination.

Side effects of early HIV disease

Many individuals with HIV contain no side effects for a while to even years in the wake of getting to be plainly contaminated. Others may create side effects like influenza, generally 2 a month and a half subsequent to contracting the infection (Stratton, 2012). The side effects of early HIV disease may comprise of fever, chills, joint agony, muscle hurts, sore throat, sweats (especially during the evening), extended organs, a red rash, tiredness and unexpected weight reduction.

Asymptomatic HIV

As a rule, after the underlying side effects vanish, there won’t be any further indications for a long time. Amid this time, the infection carries on creating and harming the safe framework and organs. Without being on solutions to stop HIV’s replication, this procedure can take up to 10 years by and large. The contaminated individual regularly encounters no side effects, feels well, and seems sound (Kartikeyan, 2007).

Late-arrange HIV contamination

In the event that left untreated, HIV debilitates the capacity to battle contamination. The individual winds up noticeably helpless against genuine sicknesses. This phase of contamination is recognized as AIDS. Indications recently arrange HIV disease may consist of: obscured vision looseness of the bowels, which is typically tenacious or ceaseless, dry hack, fever of over 100 °F (37 °C) going on for quite a long time, night sweats, perpetual tiredness, shortness of breath, swollen organs going on for quite a long time, unexpected weight reduction, white spots on the tongue or mouth (Kartikeyan, 2007).

Amid late-organize HIV contamination, the danger of building up an existence debilitating sickness is significantly more noteworthy. Life-debilitating sicknesses might be controlled, avoided, and/or treated with legitimate drugs, regularly including HIV treatment.

HIV and AIDS myths and realities

There are numerous misinterpretations about HIV. The infection can’t be got through shaking hands, embracing, kissing, sniffling, touching skin which is unbroken, and utilizing a similar latrine, sharing towels, sharing cutlery and many more (Kartikeyan, 2007).

HIV blood tests and results

Finding is made through a blood test that screens particularly for the infection. In the event that the HIV infection has been found, the test outcome is “sure.” The blood is re-tried a few times before a positive outcome is given to the patient. The prior HIV is identified, the more probable the treatment will be effective.


There is at present no cure for HIV. Medicines can moderate the course of the condition – and enable most tainted individuals the chance to carry on a long and generally solid life. Prior HIV antiretroviral treatment is essential which enhances personal satisfaction, amplifies future, and diminishes the danger of transmission.

Post-presentation prophylaxis pills

On the off chance that an individual trusts they have been presented to the infection inside the most recent 72 hours (3 days), hostile to HIV solutions, called PEP (post-introduction prophylaxis) may stop disease. The treatment ought to be taken as quickly as time permits after contact with the infection (Kartikeyan, 2007).

Antiretroviral drugs

HIV is treated with antiretrovirals (ARVs). The treatment battles the HIV disease and backs off the spread of the infection in the body (Kartikeyan, 2007). For the most part, patients take a mix of pharmaceuticals called HAART (profoundly dynamic antiretroviral treatment) or CART (mix antiretroviral treatment).

HIV prevention

This virus can be prevented through avoiding the causes that leads to its infection as discussed above.


HIV and AIDS. (2002). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Kartikeyan, S. (2007). HIV and AIDS: basic elements and priorities. Dordrecht: Springer.

Stratton, S. E. (2012). The encyclopedia of HIV and AIDS. New York NY: Facts On File.